Does frequent ejaculation help ward off prostate cancer?

Does frequent ejaculation help ward off prostate cancer?

Marc Garnick, M.D., Editor in Chief of Harvard Medical School’s Annual Report on Prostate Diseases, says:

Two relatively large studies of this question, reported in 2003 and 2004, yielded good news for sexually active men: high ejaculation frequency seemed to protect against prostate cancer.

As part of Harvard’s Health Professionals Follow-up Study, 29,342 men between the ages of 46 and 81 reported their average number of ejaculations per month in young adulthood (ages 20–29), in mid-life (ages 40–49), and in the most recent year. Ejaculations included sexual intercourse, nocturnal emissions, and masturbation. Study participants also provided comprehensive health and lifestyle data every two years from 1992 to 2000. The scientists found that men who ejaculated 21 or more times a month enjoyed a 33% lower risk of prostate cancer compared with men who reported four to seven ejaculations a month throughout their lifetimes.

An Australian study of 2,338 men came to a similar conclusion. In all, men who averaged 4.6 to seven ejaculations a week were 36% less likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer before the age of 70 than men who ejaculated less than 2.3 times a week on average. The study found no connection between prostate cancer and the number of sex partners. (An earlier study, however, found that men who had sex with 30 or more women were two to three times more likely to develop prostate cancer than men with only one partner.)

Further study is needed to investigate possible protective mechanisms. In theory, emptying the prostate of potentially irritating or harmful substances might be one such mechanism. Regardless of the reason why, take comfort in the fact that ejaculation is not only pleasurable, but also may convey health benefits.

SOURCES: Leitzmann MF, Platz EA, Stampfer MJ, et al. Ejaculation Frequency and Subsequent Risk of Prostate Cancer. Journal of the American Medical Association 2004;291:1578–86. PMID: 15069045.

Giles GG, Severi G, English ER, et al. Sexual Factors and Prostate Cancer. BJU International 2003;92:211–16. PMID: 12887469.

Originally published April 2009; last reviewed February 24, 2011.

Comments
128
Frank

I have to admit… I picked up the habit in my mid teensI went to bed then I realized that masturbation is very healthy andsometimes I could not sleep tonight in less I did before I went to bed then I realized that masturbation is very healthy and beneficial for other purposes but I did realize how important it was. I have a condition up lexie all of my life and considering I have to get radom bloodtests for what the condition via my medication in my bloodstream.
it will calm me down more relaxed and it stabilizes everything not only for my condition my stress levels and all of my vitals that are checked for my blood work and when I go to my blood tests on a regular basis.

when my mother was diagnosed with cancer I put a major toll on our entire family. my swing so we’ve been majorly affected by this they have never taken this into consideration for their marriages to help bring them back into place or they need to be especially for the sake of their own children.it is let the drinking mental illnesses it has driven a spike through the relations of the entire family this probably helped a lot of things and bring the family back together in a lot of ways if it did but I don’t know if it would but it would sure help to relationship of the immediate families and the marriage of for where they were and what they should be. it’s a shame that most marriages have to have a status of power within the relationship how we do. That’s a sad thing and how it disrupts the relationship within the marriage which does put an effect on the children and down the road it disrupts the lifestyle overall. I hope they find some stableness if they stand their dilemmas and stabilize everything throughout

Neil

Rob , you are very immature . This is a site for adults and childish comments like that help serve no one. Are you trying to troll ? I think he raised interesting points and I for one AM interested . Please go back your “xbox”.

Pogba

Was this one of those ‘interesting points’?
“my swing so we’ve been majorly affected by this they have never taken this into consideration for their marriages to help bring them back into place or they need to be especially for the sake of their own children.”

Karen

You must care because your reading it, if not you should care because your a man.
So why don’t you care?

Chase

@Neil: You are very right with what you said to Rob and I admire you for being a good person, but the way you talked to Rob was wrong and wouldn’t resolve the issue. People will diliberately go out of their way not to listen to you if they think that you are attacking them when you try to communicate to them. It’s important that you understand yourself so that you can understand others, and vise versa.

Peace out lol

Tony

Chase I disagree with that comment you made with Neil. He made a very good point to a dickhead. Frank actually shared the same facts I have said to many people and Rob, having no interest in this, should have just scrolled out of here instead of being a dick himself. I have always wondered what the science was, why sex always help you sleep more and drops your anxiety levels down from either stress at work or just a chemical imbalance in the brain. If this can also help men and women to become sleepy then it has to be healthy in that way too because sleep helps with everything to do with health. I don’t understand why some women don’t like sex as often as men do. It’s not only good for pleasure and bonding but if it’s going to help keeping your anxiety down then that is only good to help even more with your relationship and communication.

Wtf

Your English is horrible. Learn sentence structure. I have no idea of what you were trying to say. Just alot of words strung together with the occasional period.

Billy I he nacho Ernest

I ve gone through your write up on prostrate cancer. Please I still wsnt to be convinced that constant sex or ejaculations can cause prostrate cancer

Nurse Marie

All you have to do is google prostate health and ejaculation frequency” and you will have lots of article to “convince” you. It makes sense that men should masturbate to empty their testicles of old semen. Just be sure you are getting enough zinc in your diet because each ejaculation lowers that mineral which is essential to many functions in the body, including your sexual health.

elijah

hi, my dad went for check up and the out come of the result said he has prostrate cancer.
he his 65yrs old, what can we do?

[…] feedback. I also read an article that says frequent ejaculation can be good for prostate health. Does frequent ejaculation help ward off prostate cancer? – Harvard Prostate Knowledge – Harvard Heal… I feel more at ease with the whole prospect, but I'm still curious if anyone know One thing still […]

David

Om with you my good man. I masturbate or as we guys say jack off at least 2 x a day and my love gland is in better shape than i was in my 20’s and 30s

mathias leblanc

i am fucking twice weekly by using vacurect to harden my penis.it seems to be working because when 1 took an a1c test it sho, which was 4.0.

hamed

i diagnosed with chronic prostatitise in 2009 still i suffered and struggle with symtomse i am only 27 and i hade symtomse from my teenage age low sex drive erectil dysfunction and low sperm is my symtom anuse pain frequent urination

John

I hear ya! I’ve been having pain for a year now. It all started after an in injury to my penis during sex. I had sex with a different partner for the first time and she almost broke my dick ( I might have fractured it, still not sure). I develope a small amount of scar tissue the looks like an enlarged vein. My penis hurts the most when flaccid, expesialy the veins. Lots of Turtling, which seems to be the worst part.

Now it seems as if I have prostate issues. Curantly on antibiotics and antiinflamitories . Lots of anal pressure- every time I do a bowel movement feels like my insides are going to come out.

Thanks for listening to my rant lol.

Jacques Cousteau

I’m so sorry to hear about your father.

I hope he’s fighting it hand and fist. I hope we all are

Name: Gordon L. Brown Email: glbrown@videotron.ca

My belief is that semen is a bodily fluid, and passing it through wet dreams or masturbation is a healthy deterrent to becoming a sexually famished pervert… getting it out of the system helps a man relax if he chooses a solitary lifestyle. The religions that say masturbation is a sin are leading many men into health problems but this issue is not met head on by health professionals with them. The condom solved much in this direction; now it is up to the medical profession to present data to remove masturbation as a sinful act… many religious followers live with this taboo and I can say that it weighs heavily on keeping a clear and concentrated mind at work.
My point in essence is that the world may have to have a religious-medical series of meetings to clarify matters…. after all, apart from adultery, the Ten Commandments do not get involved in sexual matters, and as far as I recall, neither did Jesus. Thanks for reading me.

john doe

Calling out a couple of posts here.

Best advice by Nurse Marie, thank you.

And Gordon Brown, you have made a great point in your post.

men from far east

Umm just want to ask if how long would it take to know that male semen is old?pls I want a clear asnwer

gallant

i had psa screening number was 4 for some time. 2yrs later having being screened every 6 months my count went down every time 3.9 3.6 3.2 now it is 3.0 ..i put this down to
changing frequency of ejaculation to at least 6 times a week
my dad died of p.c. he got his first screening at 70yrs but it was too late,hadnt had any symptoms, but past away 3 yrs later…figured it had been with him for at least 15 yrs
didnt need to die,
early detection is the key . GET SCREENED, I started at
40 yrs of age, now 56

Theoty

I’m agree what Mr Gordan Brown Mentioned about his theory.The ways and ideas he’s giving is exactly brilliant and logic.

henri

Didn’t help me. I usually ejaculated two to four times a day, either with the wife (preferably!) or without. Still got aggressive prostate cancer.

Neil

I have masturbated regularly since the age of 12, and also masturbated during my marriage. At 85 and without a wife, I masturbate about 3 or 4 times per week. I don’t always get out semen, but I get the same feeling of ejaculation and get out a small quantity of semen about once per week.

I wanted to ask my doctor if the two things were related, but have been embarrassed to do so, but after reading the articles it seems that a degree of masturbation does deter prostate cancer. I will continue my masturbation at least until it is proven otherwise.

simeon sami

I have prostate cancer surgery and weak erection. I do not have ejaculation.what do you advice me to have it?
Thank you for your attention.

s.s

Ana

Hey Doc

I want to know..my husband is in sharp pain.. he has surgery soon..these days he is visiting doc for radiation therapy. Bt nothing is helping him..I m his 2nd wife..he got married 4 yrs ago..got physical jst thrice in his 4yrs marriage n has 2 boys. Before we cd meet he shared about his testicular cancer…nothing changed between us..his masturbating habit is increasing day by day as he thinks dat dis is d only solution..we shd not gt physical. cancer is in stage 1..all the symptoms are there..broad chest, sharp n dull pain in abdomen, grown testicle, lambago, etc. Now he is trying to make me hate him jst bcoz he thinks dat he cant complete me, satisfy me. Even he is avoiding medicines. Plzz suggest wat can be done in such situation. How I take him in trust dat my love is still d same for him..even more.

Ana

Oops I forgot one thing to mention that it is not easy to get ejaculate..he is forcing himself for dat.. giving pain for dat
Thank for considering..Ill wait for ur response ASAP

bob fistojoy

Really come on guys it’s all in the geens, we are all born with cancer cells just a particular event triggers it to start growing. Just live a healthy life it’s all a lottery if you get cancer or not just have regular checks and tests all the above is utter crap honestly.

karen lola

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Tom

Why is there not more info from doctors to patients about the importance of ejaculation to protect prostate health ?
I found this information on the internet but a lot of older men don’t even know how to get on the internet or even have a computer. Many older men’s wives have lost their labito and the husbands are not going to go to some bar to pick up a strange woman for sex. That only leaves one alternative and that is to do what these men did when they were teenagers and by themselves with a sexy magazine.
Is this information not put out because of religious reasons or is it controversial. I think many men need to have this important medical news. It could save their lives.

ballard

The likely explanation for lower prostate cancer incidence is that semen accumulating with the prostate slowly begins to decay, and over time those decay products can lead to cancer.
So Move OUT the old batch of semen as often as you can (ejaculation), and keep new stuff moving IN.

Tom

We just got over Prostate Cancer Awareness Month. Why not honor our ladies by wearing pink sometime during the month of October. Maybe they can wear blue for us next September when Prostate Cancer Awareness Month comes back again.
And also lets hope our ladies and/or wives are understanding about men’s need to flush out their prostates on a regular basis to help prevent prostate cancer.

Tom

In my October post I should have said ladies or wives instead of ladies and/or wives. Sorry for the mis-type.

Nils

I think it is interesting that the Harvard Medical School study proposes that frequent ejaculations will lower the risk of developing prostate cancer in older men; however, any ejaculation tends to raise at least temporarily the PSA SCORE. In fact, urologists urge male patients to avoid masturbating or sex at least 3 days prior to having the PSA tests to avoid skewing results.
Does anyone have a comment on these facts?

Tom

Doctors, what percentage of men could prolong their lives by regularly emptying their prostate rather than not doing so ? Thanks.

Ollie

These studies suggest that masturbation and sex can be beneficial to your prostate. However many other studies I have read say otherwise. Is this study any more comprehensive than thoughs completed by other researchers?

Allan

Hey mate! Nice page and vids- I love the way you record ysueorlf and how raw it is.. You now have a Brazilian/Italian chap now based in london following you and looking forward to seeing more vids. Keep it up!Cheers

Dave

Its all about the amount if animal protein in the diet. All outlined in the book called ‘The Gerson Therapy’.

ronald

i believe religion discourages masturbation becuase it tends to reduce the tendency for men(especially the 25-40yr olds)to have sex with thier wives leading to destruction of matrimonial obligations and vows which could result into devorce. I am yet to know of a woman/lady that allows sex 4-7 times a week just to help a man empty his prostate as required for protection against cancer. these issues are difficult to comeby. is there away to empty the prostate without sex, musturbastion, ejaculation? Doctor, please help.

DR. David Samson

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Marcos Elrod

I am considering a prostate biopsy. One of the things that scare me is the Cipro antibiotic because of possible tendon tears ( I am 68 years old ). Do you recommend an alternative drug without this side effect ?

Lukhan

Lukhan
I dont know guys but I am fifty years old, and have been masturbating even before I am a teenager. Now I ejaculate at least seven times per week. I am feeling great and very active. I am always very horny and always get an erection when required. so guys form your conclusion. This is my testimony

E honein

I am interested to know the fate of semen if not ejaculated either through sexual intercourse or nocturnal emissions [wet dreams].is it completely broken down presumably by proteolytic enzymes and reabsorbed into the body and which part of the male genital system carries out this process ,thus ensuring a normal ductal system free of debris . i would appreciate a medical response from our medical peers.

Tom

Could prolonged masturbation lead to the formation of
hemmorhoids ? If so, if a person shortened his session, would that lessen his chances of developing them ?
Thanks doctors.
Tom

Tom

Yes, and I think this information needs to be mentioned most frequently
especially to widowers, single males, and married men whose wives have lost their libido. But how might frequent masturbation possibly lead to the formation of hemmorhoids?
I did not realize the importance for males to empty their
prostate to help prevent prostate cancer until I stumbled across the information on line.
Thanks

concerned world citizen

A public health alert should be sent out by the WHO (World Health Organization) . All women should be made aware that sex is now a life saving matter. They are to do as a public service. Million of dollars are spent each year on a easily preventable problem. Five minutes to safe a life, I call upon all governments to make daily sex for our men a constitutional right. Male sex should be added to the list of human right by the UN. Prostate cancer is becoming an epidemic. We should have escalation centres set up in large cities for men with spouses. If the situation was reversed and women were the ones affected they would be out in the street begging us to save their lives. Now do be selfish save a man’s life today. Have a little sex. Lol

Dave

I’m 64, married, and had sex with my wife and masturbated regularly – 2-3 times a week. If I would have known having more frequent sex may prevent prostate cancer, I would done done it every day. 6 years ago I was diagnosed with stage 1 prostate cancer. Up to then I had no issues getting a good erection, had sex regularly, i went for my visit with my urologist last year and was advised my cancer spread. My only option was to have my prostate removed. If I would have known the benefits of more frequent sex, I would have done it. I’ve read studies that diet, heredity, and ethnicity is a factor of prostate cancer.
If you have a healthy prostate, and can get a good erection, you are blessed! With my prostate gone I am partly incontinent and have ed. Cialis and Viagra is a joke—it is bad,for you and can cause heart attacks. I can tale l-arginine or Damiana, but that doesn’t make up for what I lost. I don’t have to worry about a high psa level and a rectal exam, but I miss my prostate.

Jimoh Emmanuel

incase if your wife is having health otherwise,and is not fit for regular sex;masturbation and having a woman friend for regular sex,which one is adviseable since religion is against all of these?

Flavin

Flavin
I am having prostrate enlarge. can still having erection and sex.is it good having sex or masturbation once in a week. help me

dave

Well looking over the net I found out that there is no conclusive evidence to that many factors are involved and we do not know whether the ejaculation itself or other factors indirectly related are responsible. Other studies I found either say not significant relation or a negative relation actually.

Bear in mind that surveys are the lowest form of data people may provide inaccurate or biased information about their habits add to that the fact that cancer incidence depends on diet for example so how is it possible to completely rule out the effect of diet?

personally I am confused about this one as evidence is conflicting may be further research is needed and it is too early to conclude

Rob

It seems to me that a prostate has a less likely chance to become enlarged if it emptied of seminal fluid a few times weekly. How it is released is up to the man.

Lew

Lets say a man has not ejaculated for a long time and
carcinogenic cells have formed in his prostate. Then he has sex with his wife or lady friend. Can she get a form of cancer ? This may be a dumb question, but I just wondered. Regardless, men need to frequently empty their prostate no matter how they do it.
Thanks

Cumload big one

Prostate always full, blow load over wifes face two times a day and have anal and vaggy sex always. No problems so keep blowing big loads out, hope this help to no have the prostate rip out..

Ramey

The answer is a resounding NO! Throughout human life, cells are always sloughed off of every part of our bodies. Prostate cancer cells obviously would as well. Studies have shown (2003, 2006 and more recently), as well as personal experience, that no prostate cancer cells that are ejaculated will cause cancer in a partner. I will also add that it is in your best interest to REALLY consider EVERY treatment option and the less aggressive, the better. The best thing a man can do for his body in this day and age is eat well, don’t drink a lot, quit smoking and finally, ejaculate as much as you wish. Exercize seems to benefit every part of our bodies, so…to stay healthy, go for it!

Ed

Well shooooo-ooot! Back when I was a 11yr old lad who woke with a boner, wore it to school all day,,proudly I might add , wanked off in the evening before dinner maybe twice in bed before sleep and every time I could find privacy to keep from going any further then the teas’s would allow you , I lived with guilt in between screwing when lucky. That went on till the mid 70’s then all GIRLS were screwing. Now I take crap to shrink it wearing I can piss, but the Johnson won,t stand to attention though the brain wants it too ,,think I am almost done with this road trip,, thank God, , the Whores ain’t worth the work to unload the load anymore,,too fat anyway,, tattooed,pierced,stretched ugly and FATT!

Ed

Well shooooo-ooot! Back when I was a 11yr old lad who woke with a boner, wore it to school all day,,proudly I might add , wanked off in the evening before dinner maybe twice in bed before sleep and every time I could find privacy to keep from going any further then the teas’s would allow you , I lived with guilt in between screwing when lucky. That went on till the mid 70’s then all GIRLS were screwing. Now I take crap to shrink it where I can piss, but the Johnson won,t stand to attention though the brain wants it too ,,think I am almost done with this road trip,, thank God, , the Whores ain’t worth the work to unload the load anymore,,too fat anyway,, tattooed,pierced,stretched ugly and FATT!

Tom

This is a request for the ladies. Why not wear some blue in
September as this is prostate cancer awareness month.
I certainly wear pink in October for breast cancer awareness month. why don’t we support each other ?
Thanks.

Smseelig

My understanding is …seamen has a lot of protean in it. Protean rots and goes bad with bacteria…unless yu change the seamen by expelling old seamen it will stay trapped in the male system rotting like any protean does and causes health problems and the prostrate to form cansers.

popshooter

I am 74 and my sex life is still very good. I can even manage a strong popshot after a long foreplay. My wife is no longer interested in penetrative sex but she pleases me orally or with her hands. My Dad always used to say: If you don’t use it you lose it. He was 96 when he died and he always carried a blue pill in his pocket. I hope I carry his genes.

Alexander

I am 54 year old and I recently had a physical and my doctor stated the PSA was elevated and to see a urologist asap…..I am so scared now that I may have prostate cancer and I sooo worried….Especially with all the testimonials stated here….So what would you give for advice for a very healthy and definitely sexually active man

Carlos

My Mother told me that it was wrong for men to masturbate. I grew up thinking it was a sin. Then I moved in with my father at age 14 and he married my stepmother. She was very helpful and we got along very well togetherafter a few months. I never thought this would happen but she actually encouraged me to masturbate. When I got off the bus after school before my dad got home everyday she would watch me masturbate. Then she started to touch me and help me masturbate. It wasn’t long before she wanted to have sex, she taught me a lot, way more than my own mother. My dad never found out but my stepmom always liked me to do her up the butt. That’s the only way I got to come inside her, she was afraid of being Impregnated. This went on for 2 school years and then one day I told my girlfriend about it. She told her mother and it wasn’t long before my dad found out. He was upset and he set Fire to our whole house after he apparently shot my stepmom. RIP, then he made sure the house was burning down and then he shot hi doc inside the garage. I miss her so much! Thanks for listening everyone. Sometimes I dream that she’s still here and I’m getting off the bus and her butt sex is waiting on me as soon as I walk in. Now I just want to have buss sex with any women who are older than me.

Carlos

My Mother told me that it was wrong for men to masturbate. I grew up thinking it was a sin. Then I moved in with my father at age 14 and he married my stepmother. She was very helpful and we got along very well togetherafter a few months. I never thought this would happen but she actually encouraged me to masturbate. When I got off the bus after school before my dad got home everyday she would watch me masturbate. Then she started to touch me and help me masturbate. It wasn’t long before she wanted to have sex, she taught me a lot, way more than my own mother. My dad never found out but my stepmom always liked me to do her up the butt. That’s the only way I got to come inside her, she was afraid of being Impregnated. This went on for 2 school years and then one day I told my girlfriend about it. She told her mother and it wasn’t long before my dad found out. He was upset and he set Fire to our whole house after he apparently shot my stepmom. RIP, then he made sure the house was burning down and then he shot hi doc inside the garage. I miss her so much! Thanks for listening everyone. Sometimes I dream that she’s still here and I’m getting off the bus and her butt sex is waiting on me as soon as I walk in. Now I just want to have buts sex with any women who are older than me.

Kushimo Kolawole David

I need some clarification. From the articles it was state that. “Frequent ejaculation reduces the chances of prostrate cancer” also no connection between multiple sex partners and prostrate cancer yet in females link has been established between multiple sex partners and cervical cancer. Does that mean men can have as many sex partners as they want while women can’t?

Lew

I’m not a doctor but guys September is Prostate Cancer Awareness month so please go to your doctor’s office and get an annual physical. Get a blood test, be sure he does a digital exam of your prostate, I know this is uncomfortable, but it just takes a few seconds. Ask for a
printout of your blood test and keep up with your psa number each year you have a physical. Also, be sure and empty your prostate regularly to protect against prostate cancer. Thanks guys.

Joseph Hitti

The Pope should read this article and declare null and void previous Church injunctions against masturbation, as well as the bible’s reproach to Onan who “wasted his seed”. But by recanting on this – just as he recanted on evolution or on unbaptized children who die end up in hell – the Pope who continually changes his mind is suddenly looking less and less infallible. Also, Catholic priests who do not molest children and ejaculate in any of the little angels’ orifices must masturbate: Sinful aholes they are, but they get to live long stress-free (because unmarried) and prostate-cancer-free (because of onanism) lives.

jbonhamjr.

I started to masturbate at 11 years old when I found a Penthouse in the bathroom closet. I started to do it daily, sometimes 2-3 times. this addiction went on for 33 years and ended with me molesting my 14 year old step-daughter. I’m not saying masturbation is wrong, but pornography is!

Jeff

Maybe frequent ejaculation helps prevent cancer and maybe it doesn’t. If I wasn’t having sex I was masturbating. From the day I discovered masturbation at age 12, I was doing anywhere from once to five times a day. Even as an adult sometimes twice a day, occasionally three times a day, and rarely less than once a day, even up to now. I’m a sex addict. What can I say? So, infrequent ejaculation was not an issue for me. I doubt few other men (relatively speaking) could say they had as many ejaculations as I did. For my fiftieth birthday I got prostate cancer for a gift. I am fortunate that I have only slight incontinence and only mild ED after having had both nerve-sparing laparoscopic prostatectomy and external beam radiation, and that my disease was caught reasonably early and of low grade. Although, of course, I am still not necessarily out of the woods. I am better off than most men post-prostatectomy and I am happy that I can still have sex, and I can orgasm, but its not quite as good as it used to be, and I’d be lying if I said I didn’t miss my load.

S.G.

masterbation is good ive been doing it since i was 13 until now im 34 i do it almost everyday before taking bath.
please all men out there join me

phil

My brother was just diagnosed with prostate cancer and after reading this report including the erudite and pithy comments, I will be “pulling my pud” more frequently

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